Zhang Ming, the Chinese ambassador to the EU, said: “These tools are discriminatory and are also a violation of the market principle of fairness and justice.”

He added: “Such moves deviate from the original goals of trade and economic policies and are also a distortion of market principles.

“The moves taken by the EU will also have global consequences, and such moves might create further stress to the global supply and industry chain.”

He called on the bloc to stick to World Trade Organisation rules, saying the bloc has created “more inward-looking and unilateral measures” and created “new trade barriers”.